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Community Nursing: HIV And AIDS

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Community Nursing: HIV And AIDS

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Community Nursing: HIV And AIDS

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Discuss about the Community Nursing for HIV and AIDS.

Community nursing is a sector of nursing which deals with a population of people with a particular diseases or a disorder such as wounds, HIV and AIDS, cancer and other.  Community nurses provide nursing services to people with serious illness either at home or in hospitals. Community nurses mostly attend to patients who are very sick in order to save their lives. Community nurses apply the principles of equity in providing health care to their patients, and this is done in accordance with law in order to ensure fair service provision to the patients. Community nurses provide guidance and counseling to communities and population affected by serious illnesses. The community is made aware of the circulating diseases and how to protect themselves against these diseases. Community nurses come up with attempts to protect and promote health care to the affected communities which is done through seminars and gatherings. A community nursing is trained and well equipped with health care information which is given by doctors. A community nurse therefore can be a trained person, who is used by the doctors and other clinicians to create awareness on an important issue to either a community or public. Community nurses are therefore very important to communities and populations affected by HIV. This is because people affected by HIV are neglected in many communities, though they need care and protection.
The principles of equity in health care ensure that very patient is able to get the available resources; the available resources are well utilized in order to reach each patient. It also ensures that every patient gets quality health care services (Li, L., Leeet al, 2009). Community nurses ensures that communities affected by HIV acquire equity by attending seminars and gathering, whereby they guide and counsel them on burning issues in their communities. The community nurses work hand in hand with doctors to utilize the available health care facilities to ensure that communities affected by HIV get quality services since they are prone to conducting the disease if their health care is not well catered for.
In the sector of directing people to adopt healthier lifestyles, Community nurses direct communities affected by HIV on how to live health sexual lifestyle. This prevents the spreading of HIV among the communities. The community nurses also teach the community on the regular checkups in order to be aware of their health conditions (Swendeman et al, 2009). They also educate the communities affected by HIV on good dietary conditions in order to keep them health and also boost their immunity systems (Cianelli et al, 2008). People affected with HIV tend to have a kind of low immune system hence there is need for diet which is able to boost their immune. The communities where these people live have the responsibility of ensuring that the diet of people infected with HIV is balanced enough to boost their immunity. The community may be unaware of which diet is needed hence the community nurses have a responsibility of creating awareness to the affected communities on balanced diet.
Community nursing targets key populations, for example commercial sex workers, who are venerable to contacting HIV, and who may not be able to get special health care, as a result of self-stigma and also stigmatization to them by the communities where they live. Principles of equity in nursing health care enable community nursing to handle different cases affecting communities affected by HIV (Baral et al, 2013). Principles of equity in health care nursing require improvement of living standards and working environment. Community nurses create awareness to communities affected by HIV on how they should live and work with people infected with HIV. They work towards improving the living standards of communities affected by HIV to ensure that they live in good conditions.
The principles of equity require health care nurses to be committed to their work. Community nurses need to be committed to their work (McMichael et al, 2010). This can be done by avoiding distraction which may come on their way. Where community nurses are committed it becomes easy to reach different communities. Since communities affected by HIV need special health care, community nurses need to be committed to ensure that these communities are well attended and that all their health care needs are met. This is because communities affected by HIV are prone to conducting the disease and also need to know how to take care of the affected people; hence their health care providers need to be committed enough, in order to reach their needs.
Community nurses should ensure that their patients are able to access quality services. It is a duty of community nurses to ensure that communities affected by HIV can access quality services. This is done through involving the government and the non-governmental organizations that can back up them with funds. Community nurses can also involve intergovernmental organizations for back up since HIV is a worldwide disaster (Celletti et al, 2010). The government can provide essential services such as drugs needed. It can also provide moral and capital services to the affected families, hence ensuring that affected communities access equality in health care.
Community nurses should work hand in hand with other health care providers to ensure that communities affected by HIV get the best health care. They should be updated to new information about HIV. These new information is passed to the affected community. The community nurses can also invent new ways of creating awareness to the affected communities (Selke et al, 2010). for example, in a case where the other health care providers report an increased number of people infected with HIV, the community nurses invent new ways of creating awareness which can reduce the number people affected by HIV (Thompson et al, 2008). Incase the community nurses receive positive information from the community headquarters, they become sure hat that they are at least doing something helpful to the society. A society that shows improvement by reducing the population of the HIV infected people is one that puts in practice everything that they are taught buy the community nurses. The nurses therefore get new strength and some morale to keep the community updated on any new information from the government, and also from the world health organization.
 Living with the community nurses around is important in different ways. They reach the infected on the ways of relating with other people, more so the affected. They must accept themselves since contracting HIV does not mean that one is unable to work normally (Mill, 2009). That is not the case since being a HIV victim does not take away the ability of a person (Hirsch et al, 2011). It should however be a motivating factor to those who contract the virus, and opted to let everything go. Those who get strength should therefore accept themselves and act as life role models who should mentor others. Once the infected see real life examples of their fellow victims doing their daily activities normally, they envy them and gain strength (Celletti et al, 2010). The government should therefore give chance to those HIV victims who feel free to share their experience with the infected to encourage the ones who have lost hope in life. They sold allow them to accompany the community nurses who should introduce them to them to the community. Should not be private and so other affected people should also be included in the crowd. The advices given by the HIV victims will in one way or the other be of great help to everybody, it may strengthen the rest of the people who were almost losing  hope I life.
Giving mediation to the infected is as important as keeping them informed. There is no was just a piece of advice can keep an infected person alive without taking the right medication. The government should therefore ensure that they give the right doses of medicine to the infected all through. The community nurses should have the exact number of infected people in the society, to enhance efficiency in the distribution (Allender et al, 2010). The community nurses should also ensure that the infected take their medicines accordingly, and finish their doses in time. Sometimes, female victims become busy with their daily chores, thus forgetting to take their drugs. It becomes dangerous since they may contract other different diseases. Since their immunity is low, it becomes difficult for it to fight other foreign infections. That is the reason behind many deaths of HIV victims in today’s society. The community nurses should ensure that they remind the victims on the dosage, all through, to help reduce the mortality rate of those people.
 There are special groups and organizations which deal with HIV and aids victims. These groups assist the infected and the affected too, and can therefore take over when need arises. These groups include the world health organization, the non-governmental organization, and the government itself. The three groups work hand in hand, though independent, to ensure that the patients get the best facilities and assistance ever (Lundy at al 2009). For example, the world health organization ensures that it donates free nutritious foods to the infected, which assist them and boost their immunity. The food is specialized for the infected, and has no side effects top the health of any other normal human being (Stangl et al, 2013). The food is distributed equally to all the patients, after which they are advised on ho w to cook. The organizations also offer private clinics for the HIV victims, which have flooded all over the world. The special clinics have representatives and nurses who are also HIV positive (Holtet al, 2012). In case they are HIV negative, the government ensures that they are confidential and thus keep the secrets of other people. The representatives ensure that they add medication to the patients once their prior dose is finished. The representatives also take some tests to ensure that the patients do not contract a new form of HIV, which might be dangerous to the health of the victims.
The government ensures that no information about the HIV victims has been disclosed o the public. Disclosure of such sensitive information to the public may interfere with the well being f the infected people, and May affect their daily life negatively (Basavanthappa, 2009). Once such information is reveled in the public, the victims may lose jobs; or rather lose a chance at an application for a job. Some children also lack school since the institutional leaders are not willing to accept such people in their schools (Sullivan et al, 2012). The government therefore ensures that strict laws are set governing the secrets of the victims. Anybody who reveals such information faces the law in charged since he or she tarnishes the good name of a person, thus destroying their entire lives.
There are other people who enter into the country, commonly known as refugees. Refugees always feel misplaced and mistaken. They therefore contact different diseases. The government should therefore take up the responsibility of taking care of them and ensuring that they get the right medication. Hygiene should be ensured in their areas of residence, to avoid the contraction of other serious diseases such as cholera, typhoid and bilharzias.
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