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Healthcare Systems Aspects Essay

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The medical workforce of most countries comprises of a greater number of generalists, the U.S has a higher proportions of specialists. This generally affects access and quality of provision which would determine whether there are any prejudices in delivery. There are several new technologies which are also being employed for social gain by several institutions, thus not realizing the wider collective mission in health liberation. The neglect of some facilities, to the extent of leaving them to market forces has also influenced the state of care in the state.

Generalists present principal, all-inclusive healthcare to population of all sexes, sickness or generations. Specialists, contrastingly, have a superior certification and training in a specific field. The errands of the two classes of specialists in healthcare are divisive, based on their ratio to the masses. There is especially inadequate information on the proficiency and practices of generalist and specialist physicians in their fields and the healing they govern. It is an inference that family practitioners and internists are unaware or uncertain on the recent advances in some methodologies of treatment (Golin, Reif & Smith, 2004). There is thus a need to progress the diffusion of proficiency from specialists to generalist physicians, especially now that their accountability is getting larger in the evolving therapeutic field. Achieving an equal number of both specialists is a superlative choice, but it would impose some transformations in the cost, access and quality of healing.


Economic forces are restructuring the delivery of therapy at diverse states, hence the need to delineate the position of specialists. Further, the fiscal opportunities of specialists are enhanced by the wide-ranging public craving to seek the care of specialists for singular medical conditions. The heed given by a specialist is more costly contrasted to care offered by generalists. The cost of physicians relates to the percentage of specialists against generalists in a section, instead of factors such as the severity of illness or diagnostic studies conducted. Access to prime health care would mean less hospitalization for habitual care, and thus lessen the expenses. Generalists utilize less medical assets than specialists, and thus, their lessening would condense the expenditure of healthcare.


There would be augmented access to health care. Having more specialists habitually contributed to discontinuity of individual care, and the deficit of physicians in countryside areas. A balance between the two would thus facilitate intense deliberation on a larger population, and more healthcare providers to be pervasive across all regions to advance access of healthcare. Accessible care at a lesser cost would be more obtainable for the broad population, including the underprivileged and the uninsured (Clark et. al, 2001). There would be amplified access to apt care, contrasted to the present model in which obtaining specialists care is out of geographic and fiscal reach for some citizens.


The quality of specialist care has been condensed due to saturation, evidenced by the current training patterns. Having an identical number of both physicians would mean a decline on specialist physicians. The quality of therapy would augment as individual specialists would have a prospect to widen and sustain their proficiency. The quality of training would also be more concentrated because there would be less number of students to inculcate, and there would be deeper diffusion of acquaintance and meditation levels. A balance between the two would present higher-quality healthcare and superior provision of services especially if they are integrated with proficiency through certification in the other physician training.

There is an extensive agreement that medical care should be available to all masses. However, there is still no widespread access to therapy habitually as a result of policy formulations being guided by sham misconceptions (Light, 2003). One of these suppositions is that the US cannot meet the expense of catering for the uninsured, while in reality there are reasonable ways to administer them. The US believes that lessons learnt from triumphant smaller countries cannot apply to its expansive and varied population. Achieving a broader societal mission implies that there would be poorer wages, pitiable quality of healthcare and overcrowding in these facilities.

There are different scales of payments for diverse fields of healthcare, hence the discernment that other physicians are considered to be more significant. Through the provision of equivalent disbursement, more doctors will further their specialization, and find enchantment in their careers. They would thus feel liable for the broader populace who may not have passable contact to medical services. There would be more prospects for them to extend their services to other locations because of the higher zeal.

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There is some unfairness to funding depicted in national planning and building of therapy facilities in underserved regions. There are no fresh allocations of assets to the regions which earlier did not obtain satisfactory funding. Treatment care and antagonism in the market is increasing due to stratagem changes. There are also numerous new machineries that are cost-effectively advantageous to the providers, Sultz & Young (2008), while having exceptionally nominal value in the assessment and supervision of patients.

The society is predisposed to meet the needs of persons who are not accessing apt treatment. Comprehensive access to healthcare is a central goal which calls for the forfeit of any other considerations. This hypothesis is valid, as the needs of patients sensibly take pre-eminence over the privileges of providers in the system, who include insurers, physicians and levy payers. Providers must thus be acquainted with their broader communal undertaking to serve, while patients who cannot access such services should be unconstrained when demanding easier and cheaper access.

The elementary duty of qualified medical personnel is to certify the safe and helpful delivery of investigative therapy measures to patients. Diagnosis is indispensable before any medical therapy or intercession can be approved. Erroneous diagnosis or receiving treatment prior to analysis displays grave unconstructive effects on patients (Coye & Kell, 2006). It is of value for the patient, the nursing vocation, and the general society that diagnostic inferences are precise, based on satisfactory and upright counteractive and methodical measures. This accuracy depends on the proficiency of the personnel administering diagnostic procedures.

Doctors who do not generate sufficient money for the organization are in jeopardy of loosing their contracts. Technology may thus be used unsuitably, for example, use of machinery for protective medicine rather than for the patient’s well being, or use of MRI technology where undemanding methods could be well-organized.

Different machineries have dissimilar provisions, potentials and adaptable software. Thus diagnosis measures are thus not as straightforward as their administration. The standards for application of these techniques fluctuate in different locations and to diverse people. This dictates transnational training on the diverse applications of the technologies. The supplier of the machinery must be in attendance when fitting the equipment to substantiate that they practically perform at the illustrated levels in the methodological qualifications required for diagnostic procedures.

Patient protections against unsuitable procedures must thus be measured. Apt protocols must be developed and followed for the explicit profiles of individuals, for instance, their body width and age. The supervisory must ensure that all staff members receive apt instructive training programs including relevant courses on apparatus quality assurance and patient radiation safety. Notifications and reports for medical procedures must be timely administered as per the regulations (Allard, 2010). Only ascribed physicians should use these innovative technologies, while receiving constant edification on other new machinery.

Patients need to be edified, so that they can review the machinery and its suitability as it relates to their individualism. Programs to curb the use of avertable surgery and the mishandling of technologies must be emphasized. Medical trainees must be taught how to be critical in comprehending literature and evaluation of claims, so that they may not be deceived by the supervision or fabricators of the technology.

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Quality and access are communal and professional concerns, therefore the government and medical institutions should tackle the market concerns that are concerned. There are physical locations where there may be more healthcare givers but the access of medical services is still insufficient. There is an escalating trend of substitution of habitual medical practitioners with other segments of alternative therapists and overseas graduates (Sultz & Young, 2008). This ever-increasing switch presents a formidable dilemma for health strategy planners that could provoke unyielding fiscal, public and practiced outcomes.

There has been mounting costs of sustaining the health of the general population, reduced access to healthcare facilities normally due to affordability and insurances, and the overall plummeting in the quality of services offered to clients. The responsibilities of quality and access are placed on the government, but the private sector must also dynamically channel efforts to upgrade.

In the nonexistence of government intrusion, market forces will continue reconstituting the system with the aim of realizing fiscal gains. It is the obligation of the government, because the health of a nation influences its fiscal output. Further, the administration has a goal of sustaining the health of the populace. Therefore, it must assemble satisfying plans for securing enhanced medical facilities that are systematically sound and publicly satisfactory. It must channel programs which avail and access healthcare to the broad populace. This also entails the provision of water and ensuring apt environmental sanitation.

The government is in an advantageous position to originate programs in the health sector which can supervise common and private institutions, devise and sustain standards for operation, and reprimand lawbreakers. It is also powerful in administering inferences on where institutions originate and the health insurance policies of the nation. The government should in effect finance the health structure to the degree that therapy services become obtainable to every citizen.

The government plays a critical task in the fashioning of all aspects of the health segment. Fortifying this leadership and ensuring unfailing policies and practices across all health care functions will ensure impartial and reachable provision to the common populace without opinionated market forces. It can exploit its position as a watchdog, healthcare procurer, contributor and payer.

The dwindling in valuable supply of physicians to provide medical care is a distressing concern, as substitute measures to fill these positions are being originated. There are several choices which have been considered, including escalating the number of medicinal scholars, lessening the free time of physicians, and hastening the progress of group practices (Laird & Lakhan, 2009). The gap may also be catered for by transferring activities to other types of providers, for example, nurse practitioners, physician subordinates, chiropractors and acupuncturists.

Increasing the number of practicing physicians is both indispensable and favorable for meeting the populace healthiness demands. However, augmenting the number of medical scholars is a long-lasting tactic which may be satisfied after roughly a decade. More instantaneous solutions are based on the amplified conscription and sustained support of the persons who are already in principal care provision. Physician assistants have been underutilized, and their proficiency can help in improving the experienced shortages.

There are other alternatives employed by the administration, for example promoting the execution of precautionary healthcare, where the general population would invent measures to evade ailments. This would thus lessen the expenses and time required to see doctors. Uninsured residents are being urged to insure themselves and learn how to exploit health insurance. This may nonetheless increase costs if not well practiced, thus the need for aides related to the physician field.

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The healthcare subdivision obliges labor and human resources for the apt running of care. Current supply of nurses must always meet the demanded requirements, and thus the most pertinent strategy would be applied. The gap should be packed by other therapists, as the long-term goal of schooling other physicians continues.

Hospitals are fashioned to meet the well-being requirements of precise populations. They are centers for proficient therapy, habitually provided by general practitioners. They thus must be protected from preventable penalties of calamities such as economic inadequacies. Hospitals are principal signs of community progress, and are exceptionally indispensable for financial maturity; therefore, required measures must be taken to certify their continued subsistence.

The essentiality of a health center depends on its use compared to the other existing hospitals in the section (Guadagnino, 2007). This would be evaluated based on the frequency of emergency patient appointments and the inpatient habitation. The compliance of hospitals to provide care to financially defenseless populace in areas where there are fewer facilities and medical practitioners judges their believability. Financially practicable hospitals can be considered through various criterions, including productivity, capital configuration and liquidity. Productivity is premeditated by the working margin of the institute, while liquidity means having accessible currency to cater for working cost and adjusts to declining proceeds. The capital structure is judged by computing the long-standing liability to capitalization; it is the extent to which the connotation of a health center’s effects is counterbalanced by its long-standing arrears (Guadagnino, 2007).

The shutting down of hospitals, regrettably, is politically opinionated. Allotment of funds in different community hospitals habitually depends on the political interests in the region. Despite a hospital not being fiscally viable, it may receive basic support from interest groups, without actually empowering its administration with apt room to attain viability.

Hospitals are basic neighborhood possessions which should be maintained at any costs. Their services should, to a scope, be considered like any other service in the market which intends to realize profits, advancing its services, and sustaining its operations and qualified personnel. There should be sound proceeds to stakeholders in an institute, thus unbeneficial services must be avoided.

There are diverse departments in a hospice, such as maternity, inpatient, dentists. These may have their own level of supervision, under the administrator of the broad-spectrum institution. Therefore, as an alternative of closing the whole hospital, departments resulting in the lack of fiscal viability should be identified, and either closed or allocated more assets to progress their situation. A hospital may fail because it does not have the aptitude to control a singular department, for example, dealing with psychiatric patients. Disposing the assets being utilized in such areas, and allocating those to other departments, can in effect amplify fiscal viability.


The involvement of the government in health care systems should be controlled. This is typified by the attitude it has adopted as illustrated by making care an entitlement rather than a privilege. The U.S is among the uppermost spenders in remedial facilities, yet universal admittance of the care has not been achieved. This may be cited by the competitiveness of institutions to amplify their profits, rather than serving the wider community mission. The government is better placed to ensure the proper management of health-care by both private and communal institutions and provide necessary assistance for those not fiscally capable.


Allard, D. (2010). Medical events from radiation exposure during the use of computed tomography, fluoroscopy, and medical accelerator teletherapy. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania department of environmental protection office of waste, air and radiation management bureau of radiation protection Harrisburg, PA 17101.

Clark, et. al (2001). “Comparison of quality of care by specialist and generalist physicians as usual source of asthma care for children”. AAP news: PEDIATRICS Vol. 108 No. 2001, pp. 432-437.

Coye, M. & Kell, J. (2006). How hospitals confront new technology. Health affairs, Vol 25, no. 1, pp. 163-173.

Golin, C., Reif, S. & Smith, S. (2004). “Adherence counseling practices of generalist and specialist physicians caring for people living with HIV/AIDS in North Carolina”. PubMed.gov: J Gen Intern Med. 2004; 19(1):16-27.

Guadagnino, C. (2007). Interim report on rationalizing NJ hospital resources. Physician’s news digest. Web.

Laird, C. & Lakhan, S. (2009). Addressing the primary care physician shortage in an evolving medical workforce. International archives of medicine. Web.

Light, D. (2003). Universal health care: lessons from the British experience. PubMed: Am J Public Health. 2003 January; 93(1): 25–30.

Sultz, H. & Young, K. (2008). Health care USA: understanding its organization and delivery. Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

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